Equity release is the process that allows a homeowner to release cash from their property. There are two main types of plans available:
1. Lifetime Mortgage Plan
With a lifetime mortgage plan, you take out a loan based on the value of your home and your age.
Under this plan, you would keep full ownership of your property. The loan, with the incurred interest, is repaid when the property is sold. This is often when you have a requirement for long-term residential care, or after your death.
The loan would only be subject to a possible early repayment charge if repaid in other circumstances.
The loan can often be transferable to another property should you wish to move with no penalty unless a partial repayment became necessary because of a reduction in the value of the new property.
Reputable schemes offer the ‘no negative equity guarantee’ which means that the repayment will never exceed the value of your property.
Alternatively, interest-only lifetime mortgages are also available. With this plan, you repay the interest on the loan which means that the original mortgage balance will remain exactly the same for the lifetime of the mortgage.
Some providers will offer a ‘drawdown’ facility. This allows you to take smaller amounts as you need to rather than a lump sum at the start.
2. Home Reversion Plan
With a home reversion plan, you sell your home, or a percentage of it, to a reversion company for a fixed amount.
With this plan, you would no longer own your home, or you would only own a part of it.
A lease is provided giving you the right to live there rent-free for your lifetime or until you have to move into residential care. There are some arrangements whereby you pay a token rent.
There is no loan to repay with this plan; however the reversion company receive its contributing percentage of the sale proceeds when the property is sold after you have left it.
Exit penalties are often included within equity release products so it is important to note any potential financial implications should you decide to leave the scheme early.
Equity release plans expire upon death, or if you have had to leave the property earlier than planned, for example you may need to be placed into a care home when they become repayable within a fixed timescale (usually 12 months).
• Lifetime Mortgages and Home Reversion Schemes are regulated by the Financial Conduct Authority. This means that there are rules about what providers must tell you when you take out an equity release plan;
• If they do not follow these rules and something goes wrong, you have the right to seek redress through the Financial Ombudsman Scheme;
• If you take out a scheme with an unauthorised provider, you will not be able to use the complaints and compensations scheme;
• It is important to check with the Financial Conduct Authority that the firm you are dealing with is authorised.
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